How To Avoid Wrinkles in 5 Easy and Natural Steps

It is possible to avoid or prevent wrinkles without surgery or even injections by simply making small changes in your cleansing routine. Just follow these natural and easy steps and say good bye to your wrinkles forever.

It may sound surprising, but do not underestimate the necessity to exfoliate every week to prevent wrinkles. Exfoliation is a very simple and quick process which makes your face shine and glow radiantly. As the process removes the dead skin cells from the top layer, more nutrients are stimulated to moisturize the skin easily, penetrating deeply.

Not just any supplements will benefit your health and skin; nutritional supplements work best, as natural foods provide less nutritional value today than in the past, which means you will be lacking in the required nutrients for your skin to prevent aging and wrinkles.

The best nutritional supplements are those that can assist in DNA repair and reverse aging and wrinkles.

Fish Oils
Premium or quality fish oil that contains additional antioxidants, such as lycopene and astaxanthin, has proven to be able to reverse damages on the skin caused by the sun.
The skin's roughness and scaly feel can be replaced with smoothness as it is moisturized with the fish oil inside out, activating its anti-inflammatory properties to heal and restore your skin's natural elasticity and moisture balance.

Keep Hydrated
It is a fact that many of us do not take in sufficient water or fluids to keep our skin in good condition, leading to dehydration. The lack of water in our bodies affect our energy levels and impacts our health negatively; hence, it is essential to keep the skin tone and texture healthy with sufficient water in our bodies. Start off with a big glass of water when you wake up, during lunch and at night to see how the wrinkles disappear.

Care for your Skin Naturally
If you want to apply creams and lotions to your skin, choose those that are free from adverse chemicals to boost the quantity of collagen and elastin in your skin. Natural ingredients in creams and lotions are helpful in providing the essential nutrients to the skin to enhance its condition. They can be found in Cynergy TK, Coenzyme Q10 and Phytessence wakame.

So as you have seen, following these 5 steps can help you to get rid of wrinkles in a natural manner without undergoing surgical procedures which can lead to harmful side effects and long lasting scars.

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Skin Benefits of Orange Juice

I am sure that the tangy taste of orange definitely makes your taste buds drool. But you will be happy to know that orange has tons of skin-beautyfying qualities too. In our more-beautiful looking quest, we subject our skin to many harmful chemical preparations. But these chemical preparations are very harsh on the skin and costly too. It is the time to abandon all these chemical preparations altogether and return to nature. An orange can help you a lot in looking good. If you do not believe me, then read this article to know the amazing 11 beauty benefits of orange. Also learn how to use orange juice in your beauty applications. All these beauty uses of oranges are easy to use and effective.

Beauty benefits of oranges

1. Orange juice works effectively for shrinking the open pores. Just apply the juice of an orange on your face; let it stay for 2-3 minutes and wash off immediately. This helps in closing the enlarged pores and giving a shining glow to your face.

2. In peak summers, sunrays are the worst enemy for your skin. Just rub half an orange on your face for few minutes. It will tone and refresh your skin in a jiffy.

3. Orange is rich in citric acid, which is very helpful in drying away acne. Oranges contain fruit acids that gently exfoliate your skin to reveal a brighter skin every day. Just mash the grown orange peels to apply on your acne and its scars. If followed regularly, you will see visible reduction in the pimples and its marks.

4. Apply orange peel powder either with milk or curd on your face. Leave it on for 20 minutes and then wash off. Use this home remedy daily to bleach your face naturally.

5. Orange is an excellent beauty aid in reversing the aging process. It is complete with vitamin C, which increases the production of collagen and keeps the skin firm and moist. So from now on, always make it a point to eat one orange every day to ward off aging and wrinkles.

6. Orange has powder to flush away toxins from the body. Eating oranges helps to activate the detoxification of your body. It keeps oxygen in the skin and combats free radicals to make your skin radiant and fresher.

7. After eating the oranges, do not throw away the peels. Dry them in the sun to use its powder as a body scrub.

8. You can apply orange peel powder mixed either with curd or milk cream on your face daily to get a rosy glow to your face. This home remedy helps to fade away blemishes and dark spots of the face too.

9. You can prepare a skin-refreshing spray with orange peels. Just pour boiling water over the orange peels and keep it on for one day.

Next day, strain the liquid and keep it in a spray bottle in the fridge. Apply this liquid on your face with the help of cotton pads; keep it on for some time and see how it gives a soft and glowing touch to your face. You can use this liquid in your regular face masks too. Or just add this liquid in your bath water for a refreshing and rejuvenating experience. This liquid is useful for your hair too. You can use this liquid on the hair as last rinse to get rid of dandruff and get shiny hair.

10. Take out the juice of 2 oranges and put it in ice cubes tray. Then rub the frozen orange cubes on your face to spruce up and brighten your dull and lacklustre face. This refines your pores and reduces the oiliness of face to control acne. It is one of the most important benefits of applying oranges on the face.

11. Orange juice is a great conditioner for your hair. Just prepare a wonderful conditioner at home by mixing juice of one orange, water (orange juice and water in equal amount) and one spoon of honey. Apply this mix on your shampooed hair. Keep it on for 5-10 minutes, then wash off. The result: a healthy, shiny and beautiful hair.

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Beauty Tips

• Who said beauty can be achieved only by spending a fortune on cosmetic products? If you feel so, then let me tell you one thing that it is a big mistake. Cosmetic products can be harsh on the skin as well as heavy on the pocket.

• So I urge everyone to go natural to get gorgeous to save some money and your delicious skin too. Nature has a wonderful product in its kitty which can go a long way in beautifying you naturally. Yes, I am talking about tomato which is a huge reservoir of beauty-enhancing properties. The good news is that you can easily get it in your kitchen larder.

• This article has come up with the best 11 beauty benefits of tomato. All these beauty uses of tomatoes are very easy to use. Read on to know how to use logo juice in your beauty applications.

Beauty benefits of tomato

1. You can use tomato juice to shrink the open pores of your face. Combine 2 -4 drops of lemon juice with one spoon of tomato juice. Apply it on your face and keep it on for 15 minutes. Next, rinse it off with lukewarm water to shrink the open pores.

2. Mash a tomato and spread its pulp evenly on your face. Keep it on your skin for one hour before rinsing off. Finish off with a good moisturizer. Your acne will less after regular use. Tomato has cooling properties to soothe the skin and astringent properties to absorb the excess oil from the face, which help in lessening the acne.

3. Cut a logo in half and press into blackheads. Rinse off and follow with moisturizer. Rubbing logo slices on blackheads is a top-time tested home remedy for curing ugly blackheads of the face.

4. Take out the juice of a tomato and blend its juice with cucumber juice. Afterwards, dip a cotton ball in this solution and apply it on your face daily. This preparation controls the oiliness of your face and keep acne at bay.

5. Mix 2 tablespoons of tomato juice with 4 tablespoons of buttermilk. Apply it on your skin. Wash off after 30 minutes. Try this home remedy to heal and soothe your sunburnt skin. It is said that the nutrient lycopene found in tomato shields the skin from the harmful ultra-violet rays.

6. If your skin is raw, burnt, irritated, and dull, then logo and yogurt mask can be a rescue to your lacklustre skin. Apply tomato juice mixed with yogurt on the skin and rinse off after 20 minutes with lukewarm water. Yogurt imparts a healthy shine and protein boost to the skin and tomato neutralizes the skin's surface while cooling the skin.

7. Apply tomato juice and honey on your face and let it dry for 15 minutes before washing off. This home remedy works very well in giving you a fair and glowing complexion. Tomato is bursting with the power of vitamin A and C, which helps to brighten the dull skin. So, enjoy the benefits of applying tomato on your face by using this home remedy.

8. Just eat a tomato in the morning to lose the unwanted and ungainly fat deposited in your body. You can drink tomato juice also twice a day to reduce weight. You can drink tomato juice just ten minutes before you eat to reduce the appetite. It certainly works because it stops the fermentation and rotting in the intestines. Through fermentation sugar and alcohol is created in our body that leads to weight-gain.

9. Just apply tomato juice or tomato slices on your hair to increase the natural PH of your hair and get back its natural color. Tomato is a natural conditioner that gives the hair a natural shine.

10. Apply tomato pulp on your dandruff-infected scalp for 30 minutes and then wash off with shampoo to treat dandruff.

11. Mix tomato juice with avocado to make a wonderful cleansing mask for the combination skin. Avocado's hydrating and antiseptic properties mixed with tomato's astringent power do wonders for the combination skin.

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7 Beauty Mistakes To Avoid This Season

The grooming mistakes made by men make women cringe. Similarly, men also turn off when they see bad makeup and style done my women. Winter holidays are around the corner and you must be making plans for parties, so why not learn some beauty tips and avoid some mistakes that will help you to look gorgeous for your partner?

Let's take a look at some of the most beauty and makeup mistakes women should avoid.

1. Overload of Fragrance / Aroma

Women love to wear different types of fragrances, and believe me – a man loves a woman with good aroma. But, try not to wear too much of scent as it might even turnoff the mood of your man. If you share everything with your boyfriend then simply ask him what type of separation he likes on you and at what amount.

2. Built Up On Base

Putting on layers of foundations, lotion, moisturizer and concealer all over your face will look only weird. Stay with a light foundation, expel any visible cosmetics with a moist wipe, and use concealer simply over flaws or redness. Do not worry, your man will love you with this new look of yours.

3. Extreme Makeup On Eyelashes

If inadequately done, the beautiful impact can transform into an injlier impact. We're discussing about clumpy, flaky, and generally Metal & Rock style. A couple of false eyelashes connected to the external corners make your eyes look wide, hot and sexy, without making you look weird, lost or a member of any Gothic club.

4. Yellow-Tinged Teeth

Who wants to kiss somebody who has yellow or gray teeth? The answer is – No one! For a splendid, white, solid looking grin, utilize good and reliable instant whitening toothpaste. Just like its name, it works-quickly.

5. Sticky Lip Gloss

While shopping, you'll find that there are lip glosses that offer a gorgeous sheen and moisturize the skin, and then there are those lip glosses that are so sticky they could be used as glue. Make sure your lips look kissable while you're on a date with your special someone. A quality lip gloss should go on for quite a long time and is far from being sticky.

6. A Bad Shave

We all have hair on different parts of our body like hands, legs and bikini area. Remember, men are usually turned-off by a hairy body. Many women use shaving creams and sticks to get rid of unwanted hair on their body. Shaving is not fully effective and only a temporary solution. However, laser hair removal can prove to be a game changer as this treatment can offer permanent solution for undressed hair on your body.

7. Dry Skin

There might be nothing less attractive than dry legs, ugly elbows, and dried out body. Get rid of sweaty, sticky skin by applying on body cream or lotion, right after the moment you come out of the shower. We promise that with super silky skin, your partner will find it really difficult to keep his hands off you.

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Treatments for Your Face Can Improve Your Skin

You are not just pampering yourself when you make appointments for facials. You are investing in your health and overall well-being. Such treatments can help you to look young and fight acne. They can also help to reduce the risk of fine lines and wrinkles. Your skin will look vibrant due to the additional moisture.

The Right Treatment

Everyone has different factors that influence their skin. Some have dry skin and others have oily skin. There are those who have combination skin with signs of both at the same time. They may have dry checks but also an oily forehead. It is important for the professional to assess your skin needs before they proceed with facials.

This ensures that they are offering the very best treatment for the type of needs you have. Otherwise, what they offer you could make it worse instead of better. Avoid getting any types of facials that use harsh ingredients in them. Those chemicals are not good for your skin and can cause a variety of side effects.

The goal of a professional offering such services is to ensure you have a healthy complexion. The better it looks, the less makeup you will need to achieve your desired tones. For those who are worried about wrinkles and fine lines, such services can reduce their appearance. It is a way to look years younger without harmful procedures such as cosmetic surgery or Botox.

Find a professional who has plenty of experience and who takes the time to explain procedures to you. They should use the best equipment, safety measures, and a clean work environment to perform those procedures. You should feel relieved, comfortable, and be able to feel and see a difference as soon as it is done.

The length of time for the procedure varies depending on what you get done. Expect to spend anywhere from an an hour to an hour each time you go in. This is a wise investment of your time and money so you can look and feel your very best.

Remove Free Radicals

When facials are done with quality ingredients, they can help to remove free radicals that make skin look older and dried out. They also remove the layers of dead skin so the healthy skin underneath is able to be viewed. The face is the most common place where people look when they see you. Do not feel nervous or self-conscious about what they will see!

Regular facials help to exfoliate the skin. This helps the skin cells to remain healthy. If you have scars from acne, this process can help to reduce their appearance. As they fade, you will love your skin even more. The process helps to clean your pores so you are less likely to suffer from acne problems in the future too.

Flushing the toxins from the face and the lymphatic system are all part of these procedures. This will help with decreasing fluids that may make your face or your neck look puffy. The procedure is going to promote better overall circulation of the face. As a result, there is no blood flow there and it gives a very nice healthy looking glow.

Reduce Stress

Facials are not just good for the body, they help to reduce stress and tension. This can improve your mindset. Many people find regular procedures that help them reduce headaches, tension around the neck and shoulders, and even to sleep better.

Some experts believe this is the key to helping slow down the aging process. While you can not stop the hands of time from marching forward, you can reduce the speed that the move along at! The combination of less stress and better looking skin for the face and neck can be great tools if you wish to hide your true age.

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Achieve Bright And Glowing Skin Through Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is among the most efficient ways of getting smooth, glowing skin. However, even if this is already a proven method for skin success, there are still some surprising myths about it. Before undergoing such procedure, consider knowing some facts about it first.

What You Must Know About Microdermabrasion

It does not hurt – Most patients find this procedure to be a very pleasant experience. As it removes the wonderful skin cells, you will just feel a mild scratching. And this feeling is immediately replaced by a vibrating sensation.

The entire procedure will only take about 15-30 minutes – This is certainly the perfect treatment for those with hectic schedule, regardless of whether you are in between meetings or lunch break.

It is safe – Even non-surgical procedures will involve minimal risk. But if this procedure is performed by a reliable dermatologist or aesthetician, it can significantly boost the complexion without affecting the deer layers of the skin. And this means no pain but only gorgeous skin.

It is the fastest path to a smoother complexion – Exfoliation is considered the most significant skin care steps as this is the process of removing dead skin cells and debris; therey, enhancing the skin's texture. If you take off these dead cells, a smoother, more youthful appearance will be revealed.

It is efficient for all skin types and colors – People think that this treatment option is not for those with darker skin. Experts say otherwise because it is proven efficient on all skin types and colors. It would be a wise idea for you to speak to your dermatologist if this is the right treatment for you.

It is more efficient than a scrub – This treatment is far more effective when it comes to reducing fine lines, skin blemishes, and age spots. It can also help with blackheads, enlarged and oily pores, and acne scarring. Moreover, it can simplify the creation of collagen.

Results can be seen instantly – With this treatment, you do not have to wait for multiple treatment sessions or weeks to see results. Immediately after one session, you will feel that your skin becomes smoother and look brighter.

Today, there are at-home kits already in the market. Indeed, this is easier and faster. Although they may be helpful in some situations, there is still no substitute for the real thing. Bear in mind that a reliable, competent skin care physician will know what is best for you taking into consideration the type of skin you have.

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Lipstick And Cosmetics: What Do You Know About Them?

We are often of the opinion not knowing anything about things and playing ignorant is a better way, but it's a different matter when it comes to our health. One of the latest research reports on lipstick and cosmetics confirms most of the findings from other reports. Lots of effort and time being put into research and this is the only way we can find out what plays behind the screen. Knowing how and of what things made from that we use or consume, having that knowledge only than everyone can make their own decision. When you read about all the ingredients and pigments used it does make you think about the consequences and certainly raises a red flag for many of us.

First of all let's look at the market. The annual revenue in the cosmetic industry “only” in the US is almost 56 billion each year. This is just some of telling how much of cosmetics being used every day to reach such a huge yearly amount. According to this research, on average women will apply as much as 4 KG almost 9 LB of lipstick in her lifetime and to make this even worse she will swallow a big percentage of it. Most women wear lipstick daily and refresh it most of the time after eating; this can occur several times per day. Many have a large collection of lipsticks in the makeup kits to choose from to match colors of clothing's etc.

No Control Or Requirements

There is no or very little control or requirements by government of testing cosmetics before being used. Although the many ingredients and color additives in lipsticks have raised some concern by authorities. As many blend of chemicals such as heavy metals, fish scale, snail slime, pesticides among others seem no or little concern. Practically this means manufacturers of cosmetics have a free hand in developing their products with no restrictions. As long as the product looks good, makes you feel better sooner, is well presented, so people will buy it. There are no labeling requirements of content or how this could effect your health one, two, or three decades later.

These are facts and is well documented about illness and cancer caused from cosmetics. We should not ignore many years of science and research which is telling us where illness is coming from, and cosmetics is just one of them. This is not something much talked about and it seldom makes any headlines in the evening news.

Lipstick Ingredients

The skin absorbs anything that's sprayed or rubbed on and can go directly into the blood stream. Lipstick is different in that instant; lipstick is the only one from all the cosmetics that actually ends up in your stomach. This is why it is important for you to know how and what lipstick is made from! The largest ingredients going in to the product are waxes, alcohol, pigments, oil and the ones already mentioned above.

Although, there are some natural ingredients used, such as fish scale, snail-slime etc. Snail creams can promote better, softer, smoother skin if no added chemicals used. There is no standardization for the type, number or amount of ingredients used by manufacturers. The number one effort is to improve the wearability, durability and customer's satisfaction with their lipstick and will continue to experiment with chemical additives for the perfect product but far from considering the health of the end-user.

These are ingredients commonly used in cosmetics, moisturisers, sunscreens etc. increasing the risk of any type of illness. According to the report heavy metal hazard is a big concern in face make up and lipsticks. Tests being done at random of all the makeup items such as concealers, foundations, powders, blushes, bronzer, mascaras, eyeliners, eye shadows and lipsticks or glossier. The test revealed serious heavy metal contamination in all the products.

The purpose of metals used is to give lipsticks their necessary pigments. As high as 97 percent of products contained lead and beryllium, 51 to 60 percent contained thallium and cadmium, and a smaller percent contained arsenic. Most of the products also contained nickel, mercury and selenium. In some countries these metals carry a toxic design as they were proven to trigger health issues.

In the case of lipstick being used many times and often increases the absorption rates even more. As in cosmetics, everything we put on our skin will finally finish up in our system. The only wise decision would be to use products with natural ingredients only, made by a reputable company that has a long proven history and track record.

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Milk Thistle – Benefits for Skin and Health

Milk thistle is a flowering herb related to the daisy family. It is native to South European countries, although it is now found in temperate regions throughout the world.

It is most known for its benefits for the liver, but it can also be used for several other conditions such as high cholesterol levels, type 2 diabetes, indigestion issues and menopausal symptoms, not to mention its use for anti-aging and as a free radical scavenger and antioxidant, which are very interesting properties if you are interested in the health and looks of your skin.

But how does it work?

Its seeds contain a bioflavonoid complex called silymarin, which is responsible for the main benefits of milk thistle for skin and health. Silymarin is both anti-inflammatory and an antioxidant.

Studies indicate that silymarin may support long-term liver health and help with chronic liver conditions such as alcoholic hepatitis, alcoholic fatty liver, cirrhosis, liver poisoning and viral hepatitis. Multiple studies also indicate that milk thistle extract protects the liver from toxins such as occationally used alcohol (even if in excess) or a polluted environment.

How milk thistle helps with acne, rosacea, psoriasis and eczema

From the benefits milk thistle has on the liver, one can see that it is detoxifying, a powerful antioxidant and generally anti-inflammatory. Think about it: all these properties are beneficial for fighting skin conditions like acne, rosacea, psoriasis or eczema naturally which is why the herb is believed to be able to help with these skin conditions as well.

In fact, by cleansing the liver and boosting the immune system, all these benefits can also be seen on the skin, which speaks for taking a milk thistle supplement if you suffer from any of these skin conditions and want to get rid of the irritation of the skin naturally.

How to take milk thistle

If you want to try out milk thistle for yourself, the best idea is to look for a supplement which contains 50 to 150 milligrams of it as a daily dose. This should be suitable for ongoing use and health support.

Make sure to look for a brand that sells highly potent extract labeled at least 80 percent pure silymarin, as any less is likely to be a waste of money as any less is not really going to help, unless you eat tons of the supplement. It's better to get one where you only need to take one or a few capsules daily than having to eat them all the time just because they are poor quality!

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How Dermal Fillers Can Change Your Life

Many people have absolutely no knowledge that how dermal fillers work? Are you one of them and looking for a treatment that can make you look handsome and attractive? Are you also looking for a better alternative to Botox treatment? If these questions are going on in your mind, then it's time to unravel some facts about dermal fillers.

In What Type Of Conditions These Treatments Are Used?

These are utilized to treat a wide range of problems related with facial signs of aging, such as:

  • Plumping thin lips
  • Smoothing and adding volume to the deep creases that occur around nose to mouth, these creases are also called as laugh lines or nasolabial folds
  • Smoothing vertical lines around the lips
  • Enlarging prompts to improve their shape, re-establishing fullness
  • Filling out the hollow area under the eyes
  • Smoothing out the scars made from acne or any other illness
  • Enhancing volume to remove gauntness in the cheek or forehead, this usually happens because of fat pads moving underneath the skin surface.

How Dermal Fillers Are Different From Botox

These are a synthetic or naturally acquired substance that is infused into the skin directly with the goal of plumping that area so that the wrinkle, fine lines, sign of stress go away. Considering the sort of filler, the impacts can remainfor6 months to 2 years. With semi-permanent or permanent treatment, the results can remain up to 5 years, and in some cases the effects can last for more than 5 years.

Try not to mistake dermal fillers for Botox. There's no doubt that both methods include injections, Botox treatment is usually infused on the wrinkles, fine lines and crow's feet around the eyes and forehead to prevent movement of the muscle which makes wrinkles. Botox is not similar to the plumping and smoothing effect dermal fillers provide. Since both work differently, therefore numerous people choose to get both of these treatments to achieve an amazingly youngger looking face.

When To Use Dermal Fillers

You need to consider dermal fillers when every other anti-aging product fails and you really want to look young and attractive. Of course the skin products available in the market will offer skincare and benefits, but they fail to make significant changes. These products can not resist the effects of age, sun damage, gravity, fat loss and muscle movement. However, where these skin products fail, dermal fillers come in. there's no doubt that this treatment can make the skin more supple, soft and young in ways which skincare products can never deliver.

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How to Make a Homemade Toner

Skin products are becoming more expensive each year. There might be some places such as cash and carry wholesalers that you could give you a bulk discount. This is ideal for retailers but if you do not require that much then you probably need to make another plan.

Homemade toners are a good way to save money. You could have the ingredients in your home already which means that you do not need to research ingredients that you've never heard of.

Most recipes for homemade toners often include some sort of drying agent or acid. Be sure to avoid these if you have dry skin. In fact, dry skin does not need toning; it only needs hydrating and moisturizing. Some toners may need to remain on your face a bit longer as there are not as many harmful chemicals in the natural solution.

To make a toner you need to add an ingredient to disinfect or clean out the dirt on your skin. This ingredient could be lemon, tea tree oil, salt or vinegar. To even out the acidity level these ingredients have to be combined with an opposing substance.

Lemon juice should be washed off after ten minutes with normal water. The acidity could damage your skin if not removed but with water that alkalises the acid makes your skin look rejuvenated.

Vinegar based toner is used as a leave-on substance. All you have to do for this mixture is to add water that is equal to the amount of vinegar that you're adding. This toner mixture might be your best option. Make sure that the vinegar used is either apple cider or white vinegar.

Salt is a good natural disinfectant but it should be combined with an essential oil; avoid tea tree oil though. Essential oils need to repair skin and where the salt may dry it therefore these two ingredients balance each other.

Tea tree oil can be added to your moisturizer as an all in one beauty routine. Tea tree oil can dry out your skin if it is very oily. By adding a couple of drops to your facial cream you can balance your oily skin with a moisturizer.

As a do-it-yourself person you need to make sure you know which chemicals work with your skin. Always remember that if you notice any form of irritation on your skin you have to stop using it immediately. If you are uncertain about your skin type and the products you can use, make sure you ask a skin specialist before going to your cosmetic supplier .

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Chemical Peel and the Pathology Behind It

Definition – Chemical peeling is a medical procedure which includes application of a chemical agent to the skin, causing controlled destruction of the epidermis, with or without the dermis, leading to exfoliation and removal of superficial lesions, followed by regeneration of new epidermal and dermal tissues .

In simple words chemical peeling or chemical rejuvenation is procedure where a chemical agent or combination of agents of defined strength are applied to the skin causing a controlled destruction of layers of the skin. This is followed by regeneration and remodeling leading to improvement of texture and surface abnormalities. It is a safe, effective and affordable option for improving skin aging and imperfections.

Skin Histology

Skin is considered the largest organ of the body and has many different functions. The skin is divided in two main regions, the epidermis and the dermis. The dermis is attached to an underlying hypodermis also called subcutaneous connective tissue.

Epidermis – It is the most luxurious layer of the skin. The first barrier of protection from the invasion of foreign derivatives. The epidermis is divided into four layers – stratum corneum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum and stratum basalis (basal layer).

Dermis – It is composed of fibroblasts which are responsible for secreting collagen, elastin and ground substance that gives support and elasticity to skin. It supplies the epidermis with nutrients and has its role in thermoregulation. The dermis is subdivided into two zones, upper papillary and lower reticular layer.

Classification of peels according to histological depth

Very superficial peel – Exfoliation of the stratum cormeum, without any epidermal necrosis.

Superficial peel – Destruction of the full epidermis, up to the basal layer

Medium peel – Destruction of the epidermis, papillary dermis and up to the upper one third of the reticular dermis.

Deep peel – Necrosis of the entire epidermis and papillary dermis with inflammation extending to the mid reticular dermis.

Classification of chemical peeling agents

Very superficial Peel:

Glycolic Acid 30-50% applied for 1-2 minutes

TCA * 10% applied as one coat

Jessner's solution 1-3 coats

Superficial Peel:

Glycolic acid 50-70% applied for 2-10 mins (depending on the type and thickness of the skin)

TCA 10-30%

Jessner's solution 4-10 coats

Very superficial and superficial Peels are the mildest form and often called, “the lunchtime peel.” These peels break down corneocyte adhesion, causing dead skin cells to shed off to reveal the fresh, healthy under skin. These peels address minor skin irregularities like discoloration, acne, surface scarring, fine lines, and sun spots.

Medium Peel:

Glycolic acid 70% applied for 3-30 mins (depending on the type and thickness of the skin)

TCA 35-50%

Glycolic Acid 70% plus TCA 35%

Jessner's solution plus TCA 35%

Deep Peel:

Phenol 88%

Baker Gordon phenol formula

Medium and deep peels increase the collagen and glycosaminoglycans content, cause collagen remodeling and increase dermal thickness to improve the clinical appearance of the skin with reduced wrinkles, skin tightening and pigmentary dyschromia.

Reason behind chemical peeling:

Wound healing process is an important reason for rejuvenation. The phases of wound healing after chemical exfoliation are obvious:

• Inflammatory phase (1-5 days) – This phase is evident after peeling as erythma and swelling on the skin

• Proliferative phase (2-21 days) – In superficial peels, the basement membrane is intact, since normal epidermis is restored in 2 to 3 days. In medium to deep peels, wound is below basement and re-epithelialization takes time.

• Remodeling phase (3 weeks to 2 years) – collagen remodeling is the main reason that chemical peels cause rejuvenation and reduce wrinkles.

Indications for peels:

1. Pigmentary disorders

a. Resistant melasma

b. Pigmented cosmetic dermatitis

c. Freckles

d. Lentigines

e. Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation

2. Acne

a. Comedonal acne

b. Post acne scars

c. Acne cosmetic

d. Acne excoriee

3. Cosmetic

a. Photoageing

b. Fine wrinkling

c. Skin glow and rejuvenation

d. Oily to rough skin

e. Actinic keratosis

4. Miscellaneous

a. Keratosis pilaris

b. Macular amyloidosis

c. Dilated pores

d. Seborrheic keratoses


• Active bacterial, viral and fungal infection and open wounds

• Oral isotretinoin use within the past three months

• Pregnancy and breastfeeding feeding

• History of keloid formation

• History of taking oral contraceptive and photosensitive drugs

• Unrealistic patient expectation

• Uncooperative patient, eg. Patient is careless about sun exposure or application of medicine

• For medium depth and deep peels, history of abnormal scarring, atrophic skin and isotretinoin use in the last six months.

How to choose a patient:

A patient should be chosen depending upon 4P's:

P – Pathology

P – Point of depth required

P – Patients skin

P – Previous peeling agents

Newer peels:

Many peels like mandelic acid, kojic acid, lactic acid, citric acid and many more have been introduced in the market which are also available in combination. These peels are not only more skin friendly but also more patient friendly. They have buffering agents like licorice extract and willow bark extract to minimize irritation to skin and antioxidants to infuse the skin with restorative nutrients. The change in the skin often occurs at cellular level and are not noticeable to the naked presence making it more popular among busy patients who are seeking effective treatments quickly with little or no downtime.

Benefits of chemical peels:

• The skin becomes noticeably smoother and rejuvenated.

• It reduces pigmentation, improves dull and uneven skin tone, reduces signs of photoagaing, acne and enlarged pores.

• Removes dead and damaged skin cells and improvements skin texture

• Helps in removal of tan

• Skin becomes brighter and more viable because chemical peels not only cause re-epithelialization of the epidermis but also collagen remodeling.

Pre peel and post peel precautions:

• Patient has to be motivated enough to get multiple segments of the peel (4-8, depending on the indication and type of peel) every 2-3 weeks to get the desired result.

• Patient should not wax, bleach, scrub, shave (the same day) or get any other aesthetic procedure like microdermabrasion, ipl, derma-roller one day before the chemical peel procedure. A gap of atleast 7 days before and after the peel should be maintained.

• Patient should use a mild soap / non soap cleanser after the peel

• Broad spectrum sunscreen and moisturizer should be used liberally, atleast 2-3 times a day and sun exposure should be avoided.

• Patient should be strictly prohibited from scratching, picking or scrubbing the skin.

Take home message:

Chemical peeling is a simple office procedure for the treatment of acne, pigmentation, skin rejuvenation and photoageing. These are not one time procedures but require 6-8 sessions and maintenance peels to achieve maximum improvement and prevent recurrences. The newer peels are safer and effective.

Abbreviation used:

TCA – Trichloroacetic Acid

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Reaping the Benefits of Facials

Many may think that having a facial is just a pampering experience and one that only those with money and time to spare can afford. This is not necessarily true, as facials have proven to give you a lot of positives as opposed to the pampering aspect. It is true that we need to give ourselves a treat now and again, and a facial is a great way to feel good about ourselves but they come with a few other health benefits as well.

The first thing about a facial is that it will incorporate massage into the mix. We know that massages are great for the body as they increase blood flow and circulation and they also help to relieve stress. Think of a facial as a face massage and you're on the right track as the same thing holds true. A facial will improve blood flow to your face and help with lymphatic drainage at the same time. It will relax your facial muscles and get you a healthy dose of oxygen rich blood circulating around.

Facials of course also cleanse your skin. They help to remove toxins that we have picked up from pollution and also release all the dirt and grease that builds up naturally in the pores. A facial will open the pores and remove the dead skin cells and toxins that will leave you with a fresh feel and incredibly clean skin. They also tighten and firm the skin and can reduce puffiness, sagging and slow the onset of wrinkles.

Facials come in different scents and have different ingredients in them so you can choose the one to specifically target your problem areas or the one that gives you the best aromatherapy experience. All of this leads to relaxation and contentment which will transfer to the rest of your body as well.

A facial is done by an experienced professional who, just like your massage therapist or hair dresser is there to answer all of your questions. They can tell you what the different ingredients will do for you and also check for any allergies you may have before they start.

In short, a facial is a pampering experience that allows you to gain relaxation, contentment, and get great looking and feeling skin at the end of the session. Should you have more than one facial? Absolutely! Getting into the regular of regular facials will keep you looking great for years to come!

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The Complete Guide for Your Acne Scar Treatment

The Aim of An Acne Scar Treatment

The aim of an acne scar treatment is to clear the spots and prevent the skin from scarring or repairing of the damage done. There are many types of treatments that have different specifications. A doctor will advise the type of treatment that your acne demands.

Also know:

  • Treatments could vary. Sometimes you require a cosmetic treatment or sometimes only medication would do wonders.
  • Poor hygiene is not responsible for causing acne.
  • Ironically, washing it more and more makes it worse.
  • Acne is not a simple skin infection. The main cause is inflammation, overgrowth of bacteria, etc.
  • It is not contagious.

Know the Exact Amount of Cleansing Needed:

Washing the face again and again may harm the affected area further. The skin should always be treated carefully. Oil-rich creams should be avoided as these may clog the holes of the skin.

Myth Breaker:

Some people believe that acne can not be treated by cosmetic treatments. However, treatments usually work well if used correctly and performed under experts.

Types of Acne Scar Treatments:

Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is a common topical treatment. It has three actions – it kills germs (bacteria), reduces infection and helps to unplug blocked pores. You can buy benzoyl peroxide at pharmacies, without a prescription. Benzoyl peroxide is also available in combination preparations used for acne. It can be combined with an antibiotic too. Benzoyl peroxide clears acne fast and acts as an anti-inflammatory agent.


Retinoid is a cure-all for all skin problems. Retinoids can unclog pores that help other medicated creams and gels to work better. It also reduces the formation of acne scars. Retinoid pills treat oil production and bacteria that causes acne and inflammation.

Azelaic Acid

Azelaic acid cream is used to treat mild to moderate acne. Azelaic acid also blocks the production of proteins necessary for the bacteria to survive. Azelaic acid is in a class of medications called dicarboxylic acids. It can only be used when prescribed by a doctor.

Dermal Fillers

Dermal fillers can give you a more youthful look. The treatment is fast and easy. Fillers can be used a 'volumizers', plumping and lifting checks, jaw lines and temples; filling out thin lips and plumping sagging hands. They are also used to restore volume to the face where skin tissues have degenerated with age and formed wrinkles and fine lines. The process for using dermal fillers for acne scars is non-surgical. The least risks and best results come from using the right one correctly.

Antibiotic Tablets

Antibiotics work by killing germs that contributes to the cause of acne. Antibiotics usually work well to clear inflamed acne spots and any surrounding skin inflammation. So, if you have mild acne with just blackheads and whiteheads, use a tropical treatment that unblocks holes in the pores. This means you will have a better look and less redness. Always take antibiotics with proper prescription and care.

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How to Cure Skin Problems

Our skin is known to be the largest organ of our body. It also plays a huge part in keeping us healthy. Our skin serves as our shield from all dust and dirt coming from the environment. Apart from that, it also guards us from the effects of all the chemicals, change of temperature and microbial attack which might cause damage to our health. Most of all, it is the reason why we manage to have nutrients in our body because it actually claims its loss. There are countless of reasons why the skin is so important to the human body. That's why it is just essential for us to take care of it. But sometimes, no matter how good we are in taking care of our skin, there could be factors which could trigger skin infection. When this happens, natural skin care will not be enough. Good thing, skin medicines such as Trofodermin exists in the market to help solve all our problems.

Trofodermin is a skin antibiotic designed to treat skin ailments caused by bad bacteria. It also prevails the infection from getting worse. This skin antibiotic is made up of Neomycin Sulfate and Clostebol Acetate which is also known as a synthetic anabolic androgenic steroid. Trofodermin is an aminooglycoside antibiotic, meaning, it hinders the bacteria to produce proteins which are essential to its growth. Trofodermin has the ability to heal the damages of the infection with its antibacterial and anti inflammatory effect.

This skin antibiotic can resolve several skin problems such as skin cankers and sores, skin ulcers, wounds and even ailments like decubitus. It can also help reduce erosive infections of skin and mucous which includes piogenic infections and herpes. Moreover, Trofodermin is your solution for contaminated wounds, burns and cracks in private areas. Long healing wounds can also be treated by this skin ointment and problems including skin dystrophy and beam dermatitis will certainly be minimized.

You may apply the antibiotic on the infected area for one to two times a day. It is best to cover it with sterilized gauze to protect it from other bad bacteria. For better results, it is advisable for you to visit a dermatologist before purchasing the product. Several conditions may affect the number of dosage you have to take and side effects may occur once you took the wrong one.

Our skin, like any other part of our body, is vital to our health and to our whole being. Infections may occur but it does not mean it can not be stopped because Trofodermin, has the solution in all sorts of skin dilemma.

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How To Prepare For A Laser Skin Rejuvenation Procedure

Laser skin rejuvenation, also known as laser resurfacing or laser skin treatment, is a dermatological procedure that can help reduce or erase fine lines, wrinkles, blemishes and pigmentation, such as sunspots and freckles. This is done through the use of direct, short, concentrated, pulsating beams of light or laser. This procedure can make use of ablative, non-ablative lasers, or fractional CO2 laser, among others, depending on the patient's skin and health condition and the doctor's recommendation.

To make sure this dermatological procedure goes safely, works well for you and you enjoy its benefits for a long time, you need to know how to prepare properly for the treatment. Below are some highly recommended laser skin rejuvenation prep tips you should follow:

• Use retinoids. Your dermatologist will recommend that you use moisturizers that contain Retin-A in the weeks before the procedure. This is because Retin-A thins down the stratum corneum or the superficial layer of skin and gets cells programmed to divide and multiply – something that will really be helpful during the procedure. Another worthy tip to keep in mind is if you have any leftover retinoid-based cream, do not throw it out since you can use this again a few weeks after your skin heals since it can help keep your fresh new look.

• Apply a bleaching cream. Aside from retinoid-rich moisturizers, you will also have to start using a bleaching cream before the procedure. You have to apply this every day before the treatment to help offset any potential issues with skin darkening which can be caused by the laser.

• Avoid smoking. Smoking will decrease blood flow to the skin and make healing from the procedure much longer and even more difficult. Most doctors will recommend patients who smoke to avoid this habit for a few weeks before and after the treatment to help them heal.

• Take prescribed antibiotics. Your skin provides a protective layer that keeps out bacteria and other harmful organisms. Laser treatments temporarily burn away this protection and leave your skin vulnerable to infections. Your doctor will likely prescribe a short treatment with antibiotics a few days before the procedure to help stave off any invaders that could cause an infection and serious complications (such as strep and staph infection).

• Stop drinking blood-thinning medications. Lastly, blood thinners can prevent your injuries from healing. They can also increase the risk of complications from your procedure. Heed your doctor when he or she tells you to stop drinking anti-clotting medication and other painkillers that have this effect such as aspirin and ibuprofen and even vitamin E.

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